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Contoh Soal Teks Report Beserta Pembahasan Jawaban: Whales

Whales

Whales are sea-living mammals. They therefore breath air but cannot survive on the land. Some species are very large indeed, and the blue whale, which can exceed 30m in length, is the largest animal to have lived on the earth. Superficially, the whale looks rather like a fish, but there are important differences in its external structure: its tail consists of a pair of broad, flat, horizontal paddles (the tail of e fish its vertical) and it has a single nostril on the top of its large, broad head. The skin is smooth and shinny and beneath it lays a layer of flat (blubber). This is up to 30cm in thickness and serves to converse heat and body fluids.
 
1. What type of text is used by the writer?
A. narrative
B. report
C. recount
D. news items
E. anecdote

Pembahasan jawaban
  • Pilihan A, C, dan D bisa dipastikan salahnya karena ke 3 jenis ini akan menggunakan past verbs. Teks narrative, recount dan news items membahas kejadian masa lalu, olehnya ketiganya menggunakan past tense
  • Anecdote (pilihan E) merupakan jenis teks yang menceritakan suatu cerita yang lucu, sementara passage di atas meberikan deskripsi whales
  • Karena text di atas mendespriksikan/melaporkan beberapa karakteristik whale, maka teks ini bisa dianggap sebagai sebuah report text (pilihan B). 
2. The communicative purpose of the text is….
A. to retell events for the purpose of informing.
B. to present perspective points about an issue.
C. to describe the way as it is.
D. to acknowledge readers about informative events.
E. to share an amusing incident.

Pembahasan jawaban
Jenis passage di atas merupakan report, olehnya tentunya kegunaannya ialah untuk melaporkan/mendeskripsikan suatu hal berdasarkan fakta yg ada. Jadi jawabannya ialah C (to describe the way it is). 

3. The organization of the text above is….
A. orientation, event, event, twist
B. orientation, evaluation, interpretative recount, evaluation, summation 
C. general statement, explanation, explanation, explanation
D. general classification, description: behavior-qualities-part
E. orientation, event, event, event

Jawaban untuk nomor 3 ialah D (general classification, description: behavior-qualities-part). Ini sesuai dengan organization dari sebuah report text

4. To tell factual information, the writer uses ....
A. passive voice.
B. direct speech.
C. reported speech.
D. simple past tense.
E. simple present tense.

Jawaban nomor 4 ialah E (simple present tense). Tentunya untuk teks report, penulis akan menggunakan present tense, bukan past tense (pilihan D). Di passage di atas juga tidak terlihat ada penggunaan passive voice (pilihan A), begitupun untuk B dan C.