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Pengertian dan Contoh Clause

Pengertian Clause
a.       The mouse ran.
b.      The cat chased the mouse.
c.       The mouse ran, and the cat chased it.
d.      The cat didn’t see where the mouse hid.

Pada kalimat a dan b terdapat 1 clause. Pada kalimat c dan d terdapat 2 clause.

Perhatikan sekali lagi:
e.       The mouse ran.
(Mouse (Subject) + ran (Verb) à S + V = Clause)
f.       The cat chased the mouse.
(Cat (S) + Chased (V) à S + V = Clause)
g.      The mouse ran, and the cat chased it.
(Mouse (S) + ran (V), cat (S) + chased (V) à 2 Clauses)
h.      The cat didn’t see where the mouse hid.
(Cat (S) + ran (V) mouse (S) + hid (V) à 2 causes)
Dari contoh di atas, maka clause (klausa) berarti sekelompok kata yang mempunyai satu subject dan satu verb (kata kerja).

Perhatikan lebih jauh:
i.        The mouse ran. (independent clause)
j.        The cat chased the mouse. (independent clause)
k.      The mouse ran, and the cat chased it. (2 Independent clauses)
l.        The cat didn’t see where the mouse hid. (1 independent clause + 1 dependent clause)
m.    where the mouse hid (1 dependent clause)

Clause dibagi menjadi 2 bagian: independent clause dan dependent clause.

Indepent Clause
a.       Sue reads a newspaper every day.
b.      Dolphins are friendly animals.
c.       Dolphins are so intelligent.
d.      Dolphins are friendly animals, and they are so intelligent.
e.       He earns a good salary, but he never seems to have any money.
f.       Tom must write the letter, or Paul will do it.

Ketika 2 klausa dihubungkan oleh kata penghubung coordinate conjunction (for (karena), and, nor (dan), but, or, yet (tapi), dan so) maka ke dua klausa itu dinamakan sebagai Independent Clause yaitu klausa yang bisa berdiri sendiri menjadi sebuah kalimat. Independent clause juga biasa dinamakan main clause (klausa utama).

Dependent Clause
a.       I know when he will arrive.
b.      When he will arrive (tidak bisa berdiri sendiri menjadi sebuah kalimat)
c.       The man who teaches you is my favorite teacher.
d.      Although I have a slight handicap, I am an ambitious student.

Clause yang dihitamkan merupakan dependent clause. Dependent clause tidaklah bisa berdiri sendiri membentuk sebuah kalimat. Dependent clause harus dihubungkan ke independent clause untuk bisa membentuk sebuah kalimat. Untuk menghubungkan dependent clause dengan independent clause digunakan kata penghubung subordinate conjunction atau relative pronoun. Contoh subordinate conjunction: when, whenever, while, since, after, before, until, as, where, wherever, as, as if, than, because, so that, in order that, since, if, whether, unless, provided (that), as long as, supposing (that), although, though, even though, no matter if, while, even if, whrever, whenever, whatever, whereas dll. Contoh relative pronoun: who, whom, whose, which, dan that.

Dependent clause disebut juga subordinate clause terbagi menjadi 3 bagian: adverb clause, adjective clause, dan noun clause.
Muhammad Ahkam Arifin
Muhammad Ahkam Arifin Muhammad Ahkam Arifin is a Fulbright PhD student at Washington State University, US. He earned a master`s degree in TESOL from the University of Edinburgh & Applied Linguistics from the University of Melbourne.

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