Lompat ke konten Lompat ke sidebar Lompat ke footer

Teks Discussion beserta pembahasan kunci jawaban: Adoption

Berikut kami sajikan salah satu contoh discussion text beserta kunci jawaban dan pembahasan tiap soal. 

Soal teks discussion berikut kami kutip dari soal UN SMA/MA tahun ajaran 2010.

Adoption

Adoption is the process by which people take a child who was not born to them and raise him or her as a member of their family. By law, adopted children differ from foster children. An adopted child has all the legal rights of a member of the family that raises him or her. A foster child does not.
Parents place their children up for adoptions for many reasons. Some parents feel they cannot adequately care for their off springs because of health or economic conditions. Some others, especially unwed parents, may not want to raise a child.
But there are couples who cannot have children of their own. Adoption gives them opportunity to raise a family. They can get one from an adoption agency if they have all the requirements asked.
State laws prohibited adoption agencies from revealing the identity of the natural parents to the adoptive parents. These laws also forbid agencies from disclosing the identity of the adoptive parents to the natural parents. In some states, the law permits adopted persons who are at least 18 years old to see their birth certificates including the natural parents’ names.
On the contrary, many adopted people worked to change the laws. They argued that people have a right to know their identity. They said that keeping secret their adoptions records violate their right.
On the other hand, many people feel adoption records should be kept secret. If not, natural parents might change their minds years later and take the child away from the parents who raised him or her.
Some experts advise that a child should know of the adoptions by the age of 6 or 7. Surveys have shown that most adopted children develop normally.

1. Which of the following is not the reason why parents place their child up for adoption? 
a. He or she is from a poor family. 
b. His or her parents do not love them. 
c. His or her parents are not in good health. 
d. His or her parents do not want to raise him/her. 
e. His or her parents cannot afford to give good education.

Pembahasan jawaban soal nomor 1
Untuk jawaban nomor 1 dibahas di paragraf ke 2. Disebutkan ada beberapa alasan orang tua meningkalkan anaknya untuk diadopsi oleh orang lain:

  • Some parents feel they cannot adequately care for their off springs because of health or economic conditions. [pilihan jawaban A, C, dan E].
  • Some others, especially unwed parents, may not want to raise a child. [ini untuk opsi jawaban D].

2. An adoptive child has no right …
a. to receive inheritance.
b. to get adequate love and care.
c. to know his/her adoption record.
d. to live with his/her natural parents.
e. to be well treated as member of a family.

Jawaban nomor 2 secara khusus dibahas di paragraf 3, di mana disampaikan bahwa ada larangan secara resmi tidak bolehnya orang tua si pengadopsi (yg berarti juga si anak) untuk mengetahui orang tua asli/kandung dari si anak yang diadopsi. Di akhir paragraf 3 dibahas bahwa di beberapa tempat, jika si anak telah berumur 18 tahun maka boleh mengetahui orang tua kandungnya. Jadi, jawaban yang tepat ialah pilihan c (to know his/her adoption record).


3. The writer’s purpose in writing the text above is…
a. to tell readers how to adopt a child.
b. to describe people who adopt a child.
c. to explain to readers how an adopted child raised.
d. to persuade people to have a foster or to adopt a child.
e. to inform readers the reasons and problems of adopting a child.

Jawaban nomor 3 dijelaskan secara umum di bacaan. Dari awal (paragraf 3) disampaikan alasan beberapa pasangan suami-istri mengadopsi anak, hingga di bagian akhir dibahas terkait isu perbedaan pendapat boleh tidaknya si anak yang diadopsi mengetahui identitas orang tuanya. Jadi, jawaban tepat ialah pilhan e. Pilihan A, B, C, dan D masing-masing tidak dibahas secara khusus.


4. Which of the following is the most improbable reason why adopted children want to have/know their adopted records?
a. They want to know their natural parents.
b. They want to know why they are adopted.
c. They want to know their status in adoptive parents.
d. They want to pay back their adoptive parents expenditure.
e. They want to know why their parents place them up for adoption.

Opsi-opsi jawaban nomor 4, saya temukan, nampaknya tidak disebutkan secara langsung. Yang saya pribadi tangkap, si anak yang diadopsi itu merasa bahwa mereka punya hak untuk mengetahui identitas mereka, dan menyembunyikan data mereka berarti melanggar hak mereka. 'They argued that people have a right to know their identity. They said that keeping secret their adoptions records violate their right'. Di antara opsi jawaba, saya pribadi lebih condong memilih jawaban A, yakni mereka ingin tahu siapa orang tua kandung mereka. 

Pilihan lain B, C, D dan E tidak disebutkan dibacaan. 

2 komentar untuk "Teks Discussion beserta pembahasan kunci jawaban: Adoption"