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Teks Analytical Exposition + Jawaban + struktur + terjemahan: Pests (updated)

Berikut kami bagikan teks analytical exposition beserta pembahasan kunci jawaban, struktur dan terjemahan. 

Teks analytical exposition di bawah ini telah muncul minimal 2 kali dalam soal UN SMA/MA. Text di bawah pertama kali diujikan pada naskah soal UN tahun 2010 dan kemudian digunakan lagi pada tahun 2019. Walaupun teksnya sama, tapi soal yang digunakan berbeda. Untuk soal nomor 1 sampai 4 di bawah bersumber dari naskah 2010, sementara nomor 5 dan 6 dari 2019. 


The text is for questions 1 to 6.

Integrated Pest Management
Leaves with holes from pests
There is no best way to deal with pests in agriculture. Pesticides which are commonly used may cause many problems. I think combining different management operations is the most effective way to control pests.
 
Firstly, the chemicals in the pesticides may build up as residues in the environment and in the soil which absorbs the chemicals. This reduces the quality of farm products.
 
Secondly, pests can gradually become resistant to pesticides. This means that newer and stronger ones have to be developed.
 
Lastly, some pesticides affect nontarget plants and animals such as fish and bees. This affects the ecology and environment as well.
 
So, understanding of ecology of an area helps a lot in pest control. Pesticides should be chosen and applied carefully so that they don't affect the ecological balance and environment.
 
Therefore, integrated pest management is a safe and more effective option to fight pests in agriculture and livestock.

1. Which of the following is not directly affected by pesticides used?
A. Plants
B. Ecology
C. Animals.
D. Environment.
E. Human Beings

Letak jawaban nomor 1 ada di paragraf ke 4, di mana dijelaskan bahwa pestisida mempengaruhi plants, animals, fish & bees (animal), dan environment.
Lastly, some pesticides affect nontarget plants and animals such as fish and bees. This affects the ecology and environment as well. 

2. What can you say about paragraphs two and four?
A. The fourth paragraph supports the idea stated in paragraph two.
B. Both paragraphs tell about the disadvantages of using pesticides.
C. Both paragraphs tell about how pesticides affect the quality of farm products.
D. The statement in paragraph two is contrary to the statement in paragraph four.
E. The second paragraph tells about the effects of using pesticides on animals mentioned in paragraph four.

Jawaban nomor 2: Jelas bahwa di paragraph 2 dan 4 sama-sama membahas sisi negatif dari penggunaan pesitisida.
[paragraph 2] Firstly, the chemicals in the pesticides may build up as residues in the environment and in the soil which absorbs the chemicals. This reduces the quality of farm products.
 
[paragraph 4] Lastly, some pesticides affect nontarget plants and animals such as fish and bees. This affects the ecology and environment as well.

3. One of the disadvantages of using chemical pesticides is …
A. killing fish and bees.
B. increasing crops productivity.
C. creating a balanced ecosystem.
D. causing the pests to become inactive
E. helping reduce pollutants in the environment.

Jawaban nomor 3 adalah A (killing fish and bees). Soal in bisa dijawaban bahkan tanpa baca teks, karena pilihan B, C, D, dan E semuanya memperlihatkan kelebihan. 

4. Secondly, pests can gradually become resistant to pesticides. (paragraph 3)
The word `resistant` in the sentence above means …
A. weak
B. fragile
C. damage
D. unaffected
E. unbalanced

Jawaban nomor 4: Kata `resistant` bermkana `tidak dipengaruhi`. 

5. The text above mainly discusses .... 
A. the importance to manage pest control.
B. the soil roles on pesticides effects.
C. pesticide effects on the environment.
D. pest immunity towards the chemicals.
E. the importance of ecological balance.

Jawaban nomor 5 adalah A (the importance to manage pest control) (pentingnya mengatur pengendalian hama). Pilihan B, D dan E tidak dibahas secara langsung di bacaan. Pilihan C dibahas di beberapa paragraph, tapi tidak secara keseluruhan, misal di paragraph ke 2 tidak dibahas terkait effek dari pestisida terhadap lingkungan. 

6. From the text, we know that ...
A. non-target plants and animals may be dead because of pesticides.
B. dealing with pests is not important in agriculture.
C. the soil can reduce the quality of farm products.
D. pesticides are used to control pests effectively.
E. pesticides should be seen as the best pest control.

Letak jawaban nomor 6 ada di paragraf ke 4:
Lastly, some pesticides affect nontarget plants and animals such as fish and bees. This affects the ecology and environment as well. 
Struktur teks analytical exposition: Pests

Thesis
There is no best way to deal with pests in agriculture. Pesticides which are commonly used may cause many problems. I think combining different management operations is the most effective way to control pests. [paragraph 1]

Argument
Firstly, the chemicals in the pesticides may build up as residues in the environment and in the soil which absorbs the chemicals. This reduces the quality of farm products.
 
Secondly, pests can gradually become resistant to pesticides. This means that newer and stronger ones have to be developed.
 
Lastly, some pesticides affect nontarget plants and animals such as fish and bees. This affects the ecology and environment as well.
Reiteration
So, understanding of ecology of an area helps a lot in pest control. Pesticides should be chosen and applied carefully so that they don't affect the ecological balance and environment.
 
Therefore, integrated pest management is a safe and more effective option to fight pests in agriculture and livestock.

Terjemahan teks analytical exposition: Pests

Pengendalian Hama Terpadu 
Tidak ada cara terbaik untuk menangani hama di pertanian. Pestisida yang umum digunakan dapat menimbulkan banyak masalah. Menurut saya menggabungkan teknik manajemen yang berbeda adalah cara paling efektif untuk mengendalikan hama. 

Pertama, bahan kimia dalam pestisida dapat menumpuk sebagai residu (ampas) di lingkungan dan di dalam tanah, yang menyerap bahan kimia. Ini mengurangi kualitas produk-produk hasil pertanian. 

Kedua, hama secara bertahap dapat menjadi resisten (tahan/tidak terpegaruh) terhadap pestisida. Ini berarti bahwa pestisida yang lebih baru dan lebih kuat perlu dikembangkan. 

Terakhir, beberapa pestisida mempengaruhi tanaman dan hewan yang tidak menjadi target, misal ikan dan lebah. Ini tentunya juga mempengaruhi ekologi dan lingkungan. 

Jadi, pemahaman terhadap ekologi suatu lahan sangat membantu dalam pengendalian hama. Pestisida harus dipilih dan digunakan dengan hati-hati agar tidak mempengaruhi keseimbangan ekologi dan lingkungan. 

Oleh karena itu, pengendalian hama terpadu merupakan pilihan yang aman dan efektif untuk memerangi hama di bidang pertanian dan peternakan.

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