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Recount Text dan pembahasan jawaban: Abdulrachman Saleh (updated)

Berikut kami berikan recount text berbentuk biography dari seorang dokter, atas nama dr. Abdulrachman Saleh. Teks recount dibawah ini kami ambil dari soal Ujian Nasional (UN) tingkat SMA tahun 2012. Postingan berikut kami post pada tahun 2013, dan kembali kami bahas lebih detailed per tahun 2021.

DR. ABDULRACHMAN SALEH

1909-1947

Born into a family of doctors in Kampung Ketapang, Kwitang Barat, Jakarta, Abdulrachman Saleh also became a doctor. After finishing MULO, he studied at STOVIA. While still a student, he was appointed assistant at the laboratory of physiology. Graduating from STOVIA, Abdulrachman Saleh continued his work at the lab while having his own medical practice.

Abdulrachman Saleh’s role in medicine was significant. He became a lecturer in Jakarta, Surabaya, Malang, and Klaten. For his meritorious service in medicine, specifically in physiology, in 1958, the University of Indonesia bestowed him the title of Bapak Ilmu Faal (Father of Physiology).

Abdulrachman Saleh was a man of many interests. He was involved in youth organizations like Boy Scouts and Indonesia Muda. He was also a member of Aeroclub, and co-founded the Verenigde Oosterse Radio Omroep (VORO), an organization of broadcasters. It was he who established the Voice of Free Indonesia, the radio station which spread the proclamation of Indonesia’s independence to the world.

1. Abdulrachman Saleh was bestowed the title Father of Physiology because ....
A. he was a lecturer in the Medical faculty of the University of Indonesia
B. he was a lecturer as well as a doctor
C. he had a significant contribution to physiology
D. he was a lecturer in many parts of Indonesia E. he was a professor in physiology

Jawaban nomor 1 ialah C (he had a significant contribution to physiology), dibahas di paragraf 2: 'Abdulrachman Saleh’s role in medicine was significant' dan lebih sepesifik di kalimat 'For his meritorious service in medicine, specifically in physiology'. 
'Meritorious service' bisa bermakna pelayanannya yang berhak mendapatkan pujian luar biasa.

2. The main idea of the first paragraph is that Abdulrachman Saleh ...
A. had his own medical practice,
B. studied at the medical school in STOVIA.
C. became a doctor because of his family.
D. was appointed assistant at the laboratory of physiology.
E. started his career as a doctor in STOVIA.

Jawaban nomor 2 ialah E (started his career as a doctor in STOVIA). Jawaban nomor 2 dapat ditemukan di paragraf pertama 'While still a student, he was appointed assistant at the laboratory of physiology. Graduating from STOVIA, Abdulrachman Saleh continued his work at the lab while having his own medical practice.'

3. Besides medicine, Abdulrachman also had a special interest in ....
A. laboratorium assistance
B. student organizations
C. aeroplane designing
D. broadcasting
E. politics

Jawaban nomor 3 ialah D (broadcasting), sebagaimana dibahas di paragraf akhir: 'He ... co-founded the Verenigde Oosterse Radio Omroep (VORO), an organization of broadcasters. It was he who established the Voice of Free Indonesia, the radio station which spread the proclamation of Indonesia’s independence to the world'. 

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