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Penjelasan + Contoh Hortatory Exposition Text

  • What is the social function of Hortatory Exposition?
    The social function  of Hortatory Exposition is to persuade the reader or listener that something should or should not be the case.
    Tujuan dari Hortatory Exposition yaitu teks berisikan argumen-argumen yang bertujuan untuk mempengaruhi pembaca atau pendengar akan suatu topik tertetu.

  • What is generic structure of Hortatory Exposition?
    Thesis : announcement of issue concern
      Argument :  reasons for concern, leading to recommendation
        Recommendation :  statement of what ought to or ought not to happen
        Thesis: untuk memperkenalkan topik permasalahan dan menampilkan posisi penulis atau pembicara.
        Argument: berisi alasan-alasan untuk mendukung thesis yang dikemukakan; juga mengarah ke rekomendasi. Kata-kata yang biasa digunakan: First, Second, Furthermore, In addition, The last, dll
        Recommendaation: berisi saran-saran akan thesis yang dikemukakan. Biasanya menggunakan kata-kata: should, should not, ought to, ought not to, dll.

      • Example of Hortatory Exposition:

        Nowadays, many people have realized that agriculture is much more important than as the supporting tools in economic development. In Indonesia, agriculture should be the priority of development because of some good reasons. 

        First of all, the agriculture’s contribution in the beginning of the development is highest among the other sectors. At present, almost half of total Indonesian labors are working in agriculture sector, but the contribution of agriculture sector does not reach 30 percent. 

        Second, agriculture sector is expected to fulfill the need of food in a country. As the number of population increase in an alarming rate each year, food supply must also increase. But in developing countries, food production and agricultural production per capita never increase more than one percent each year, and in some extreme case, it even stagnant. 

        Last but not least, without agricultural development, the growth of industrial sector will be hampered because the growth that comes from industry will bring a wider gap into the internal economy in that country. In turn, this gap will create serious poverty problem, wider inequality of income distribution, and increase unemployment. 

        Based on the above discussion, it is obvious that the government should put agriculture as the priority of national development.
      Muhammad Ahkam Arifin
      Muhammad Ahkam Arifin Muhammad Ahkam Arifin is a Fulbright PhD student at Washington State University, US. He earned a master`s degree in TESOL from the University of Edinburgh & Applied Linguistics from the University of Melbourne.

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