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Discussion Text dan Jawaban: Nature VS Nurture

Discussion Text dan Jawaban: Nature VS Nurture 

Nature VS Nurture 

People wondered for a long time how their personalities and behaviors are formed. Two distinct schools of thought on the matter have develop. The two approaches are very different from each other. The controversy is often referred to as nature and nurture.

Those who support the nature side of the conflict believe that our personalities and behavior patterns are largely determined by biological and genetic factors. That our environment has little to do with our abilities, characteristics, and behavior is central to this theory.

Proponents of the nurture theory claim that our environment is more important than our biologically based instinct in determining how we will act. They see humans as beings whose behavior is almost completely shaped by their surroundings.

Neither of these theories can yet fully explain human behavior . In fact, it is quite likely that the key to our behavior lies somewhere between these two extremes. That the controversy will continue for a long time is certain.

1. What do the nurture supporters think about human personality ?
A. Human personalities are developed for a long time.
B. Genetic factors play big roles in a person behavior.
C. Our abilities are determined by our biological parents.
D. Our environment plays important role in our personalities. 
E. Our behavior isn’t determined by our surrounding.

2. The main idea of the first paragraph is . . . .
A. there are two opinions about what determines our personalities
B. personalities and behavior are formed by nature and environment
C. the nature and nurture are two matters that determine our personalities
D. the environment has no influence on the formation of our personalities
E. there is a conflict between nature supporters and environment supporters

3. What does the writer think about the controversy above ?
A. It is over now
B. It has really ended
C. It will not end soon 
D. It is easily solved now
E. It will be confusing.
Muhammad Ahkam Arifin
Muhammad Ahkam Arifin Muhammad Ahkam Arifin is a Fulbright PhD student at Washington State University, US. He earned a master`s degree in TESOL from the University of Edinburgh & Applied Linguistics from the University of Melbourne.

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