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Contoh Report Text dan Pembahasan Jawaban: Penguin

Contoh soal report text berikut diujikan di Ujian Nasional tingkat SMP/MTs tahun 2017 (UNBK 2017). Berikut sudah kami sediakan pembahasan kunci jawaban.

Report text: Penguins
Penguins

Read the following text to answer questions number 1 to 3.

Penguins are torpedo-shaped, flightless birds that live in the southern regions of the Earth. Though many people imagine a small, black-and-white animal when they think of penguins, these birds actually come in a variety of sizes, and some are very colorful.

For example, crested penguins spot a crown of yellow feathers. Blushes of orange and yellow mark the necks of emperor and king penguins. What look like bright yellow, bushy eyebrows adorn the heads of some species, such as the Fiordland, Royal, Snares and rockhopper penguins. The macaroni penguin's name comes from the crest of yellow feathers on its head, which looks like the 18th-century hats of the same name. A light yellow mask covers the face of the yellow-eyed penguin around the eyes.

1. What is the purpose of the text above?
A. To describe a penguin
B. To tell readers how penguins live
C. To inform the readers of the kinds of penguins
D. To tell facts about penguins

2. Paragraph 2 describes penguins in terms of their...
A. Shape
B. Habitat
C. Sizes
D. Colour

3. "Penguins are torpedo-shaped, flightless birds that live in the southern regions of the earth." 
What can we infer from the sentence?
A. Penguins have a strong body.
B. Penguins cannot fly.
C. Penguins live on the ocean
D. Penguins live in the north pole.

Pembahasan kunci jawaban

1. C. To inform the readers of the kinds of penguins
Bisa dilihat di kalimat ke dua paragraf pertama, di mana dibahas bahwa penguin itu memiliki bentuk dan warna yang berbeda-beda: come in a variety of sizes, and some are very colorful.
Di paragraf ke dua disebutkan berbagai macam jenis penguin: crested, emperor, king, Fiordland, Royal, Snares, rockhopper, dan macaroni. 

2. D. Colour
Kata yellow dan orange dibahas secara berulang-ulang, menggambar jenis-jenis penguin. 

3. B. Penguins cannot fly.
Frasa `flightless birds` bermakna burung yang tidak bisa terbang. 


Keyword: Report text, teks report, pembahasan kunci jawaban.

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