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Contoh teks hortatory exposition Lengkap Jawaban & Terjemahan: City

Soal berikut merupakan salah 1 contoh teks hortatory exposition. Kami sertakan pembahasan kunci jawaban hingga terjemahan dari teks soal. 

Bagi yang masih sulit membedakan antara analytical dan hortatory exposition, silahkan cek postingan kami sebelumnya: Perbedaan hortatory dan analytical

Soal berikut bersumber dari SOAL UN resmi u/ SMA/MA tahun 2009/2010.

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Let`s Make the City Clean and Fresh

A clean and fresh city will surely make the inhabitants healthy. Every morning especially in dry season, all roads must be watered with clean water and swept by the workers of the regional government under the mayor's instruction.

To protect people from heavy pollution caused by cars, trucks and motorcycles, enough trees must be planted along the roads. Every building or house in city must be surrounded by short and small trees which bear colorful flowers.

Bad and improper habits which cause disadvantages, such as smoking and throwing rubbish anywhere. should be stopped at once.

The city mayor will have to think over the way to educate people, so they realize how important cleanliness and health care. More public lavatories are badly needed.

It will be wise if the city mayor decides a certain amount of fine to be paid by those who break the government regulation on cleanliness matter. For example, a man who urinates not at lavatory, smokes not at a smoking room or throws rubbish at the roads should be fined. Besides dirtying the environment with cigarettes' butts, smoking will also cause pollution and bad lung disease to other people.

So, bad habits and impolite attitude should be immediately stopped; otherwise. the city will be dirty, unhealthy, badly polluted and will never attract foreign and domestic tourist as well.

1. The writer suggests that the city inhabitants ... to protect people from pollution caused by cars.
A. plant trees
B. stop smoking
C. urinate at the lavatory
D. throw rubbish at the road
E. smoke at the smoking room

2. What is the difference between paragraphs two and four? 
A. Both paragraphs talk about the condition of the city 
B. Both paragraphs tell how to protect people from the solution 
C. It is necessary to fine people who break the government regulations 
D. The idea stated in paragraph four is contrary to that stated in paragraph two 
E. Paragraph two talks about protecting people from pollution and paragraph four talks about what the city mayor should do

3. Which of the following helps clean the air from the dust? 
A. Smoking only in smoking area. 
B. Throwing rubbish anywhere.
C. Urinating at someone’s fence. 
D. Planting trees along the road sides. 
E. Watering roads especially in dry season. 

4. "A clean and fresh city will surely make the inhabitants healthy." (Paragraph 1)
What does the underlined word mean?
A. Buildings
B. Families
C. Citizens
D. Houses
E. Places

Terjemahan teks

Ayo Kita Buat Kota Menjadi Bersih dan Segar

Kota yang bersih dan segar pasti akan membuat penduduknya sehat. Setiap pagi terutama di musim kemarau, semua jalan harus disiram dengan air bersih dan disapu oleh pekerja pemerintah daerah atas instruksi walikota.

Untuk melindungi orang dari polusi berat yang disebabkan oleh mobil, truk dan motor, pohon yang cukup harus ditanam di sepanjang jalan. Setiap bangunan atau rumah di kota harus dikelilingi oleh pohon-pohon pendek dan kecil yang memiliki bunga berwarna-warni.

Kebiasaan buruk dan tidak tepat yang menimbulkan kerugian, seperti merokok dan membuang sampah di sembarang tempat, harus segera dihentikan.

Walikota harus memikirkan cara untuk mendidik masyarakat, sehingga mereka menyadari betapa pentingnya kebersihan dan kesehatan. Lebih banyak WC umum sangat dibutuhkan.

Alangkah bijaknya jika walikota memutuskan sejumlah denda yang harus dibayar oleh mereka yang melanggar peraturan pemerintah tentang masalah kebersihan. Misalnya, seorang pria yang buang air kecil tidak di toilet, merokok tidak di ruang merokok, atau membuang sampah di jalan harus didenda. Selain mengotori lingkungan dengan puntung rokok, merokok juga akan menimbulkan polusi dan penyakit paru-paru buruk bagi orang lain.

Jadi, kebiasaan buruk dan sikap tidak sopan harus segera dihentikan; jika tidak, kota akan menjadi kotor, tidak sehat, tercemar parah dan tidak akan pernah menarik turis asing dan bahkan domestik.

Pembahasan kunci jawaban

1. A. plant trees
Pembahasan jawaban ada di paragraf 2: To protect people from heavy pollution caused by cars, trucks and motorcycles, enough trees must be planted along the roads.

2. E. Paragraph two talks about protecting people from pollution and paragraph four talks about what the city mayor should do

3. E. Watering roads especially in dry season. 
Jawaban ada di paragraph 1: Every morning especially in dry season, all roads must be watered with clean water and swept

4. C. Citizens
Arti dari kata `inhabitants` adalah masyarakat. 

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