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Contoh teks report dan pembahasan jawaban: Hurricanes

 Soal report text berikut diujikan di Ujian Nasional tingkat SMP/MTs tahun 2018 (UNBK 2018). 

Report text: Hurricanes
Hurricanes

The following text is for questions 1 to 5.

Hurricanes are giant, spiraling tropical storms that can pack wind speeds of over 160 miles (257 kilometers) an hour and unleash more than 2.4 trillion gallons (9 trillion liters) of rain a day.

Hurricanes begin as tropical disturbances in warm ocean waters with surface temperatures of at least 80 degrees Fahrenheit (26.5 degrees Celsius). These low pressure systems are fed by energy from the warm seas. If a storm achieves wind of 38 miles (61 kilometers) an hour, it becomes known as a tropical depression. A tropical depression becomes a tropical storm when its sustained wind speeds top 39 miles (63 kilometers) an hour. When a storm's sustained wind speeds reach 74 miles (119 kilometers) an hour, it becomes a hurricane and earns a category rating of 1 to 5 on the Saffir-Simpson.

1. What is the topic of the text?
A. Tropical disturbances in warm ocean
B. The wind speeds of the giant storms
C. Tropical storms are known as cyclones.
D. Giant tropical storms, hurricanes.

2. What is the main idea of the second paragraph? 
A. Tropical depression is caused by wind speeds of 38 miles.
B. The low pressure systems are fed by energy from warm seas.
C. The wind speeds can charge a hurricane into a tropical storm.
D. The surface temperature and wind speeds can cause a hurricane.

3. If a storm achieves wind speeds of 38 miles an hour, it becomes a .....
A. hurricane
C. tropical storm
B. tropical depression 
D. low pressure system

4. A tropical storm happens when storm's wind speeds reach ... miles an hour. 
A. 39 
B. 61 
C. 74 
D. 160

5. "Hurricanes are giant, spiraling tropical storms that can pack..
The word "giant" is closest in meaning to ....
A. huge
B. microscopic
C. exhausted
D. disappointed

Pembahasan kunci jawaban

1. D. Giant tropical storms, hurricanes.
Di kalimat pertama paragraf pertama.

2. What is the main idea of the second paragraph? 
A. Salah. Mestinya 39 miles.
B. Hanya dibahas di 1 kalimat. Olehnya, terlalu spesifik u/ jadi main idea.
C. Salah. Mestinya storm yang menjadi hurricane, bukan sebaliknya.
D. The surface temperature and wind speeds can cause a hurricane. [Surface temperature dibahas di kalimat pertama. Wind speeds di banyak kalimat.]

3.B. tropical depression 
Jawaban dibahas di kalimat: If a storm achieves wind of 38 miles (61 kilometers) an hour, it becomes known as a tropical depression. (Paragraf 2)

4. A. 39 
Jawaban di kalimat: A tropical depression becomes a tropical storm, when its sustained wind speeds top 39 miles (63 kilometer) an hour. 

5. A. huge

`Giant` artinya besar sekali, sama dengan `huge`.


Keyword: Contoh teks report; report text; pembahasan kunci jawaban.

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