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Teks Descriptive Toraja soal + kunci jawaban

The Houses of the Toraja

The ethnic groups in the mountain regions of southwest and central Sulawesi (Celebes) are known by the name of Toraja, which has come to mean "those who live upstream" or "those who live in the mountains". Their name is in fact derived from the word Raja, which in Sanskrit means "king". The society is hierarchically structured: the noblemen are called rengnge, the ordinary people to makaka, and the slaves to kaunan; birth determines which rank a person will occupy. 

The distinctive features of the traditional houses (tongkonan) of the Toraja are the "buffalo horns", the roof design and the rich decoration on the walls. The buffalo is a symbol of status, courage, strength and fighting spirit. 

Designed as a representation on the universe, the tongkonan is constructed in three parts: the upper world (the roof), the world of humans (the middle of the building), and the underworld (the space under the floor). The highly distinctive roors constructed by the Toraja given rise to various ingenious interpretations. Certainly the roof is something of deep significance for the Toraja, and even today they build "modern" (in other words houses built with cement) houses with such roofs.

1. What is the text about?
a. The culture of Toraja
b. The society of Toraja
c. The distinctive features of traditional houses
d. The decription of a traditional houses of Toraja
e. The ethnic groups of southwest and central Sulawesi

2. “… and even today they bulid modern…” (paragraph 3)
The underlined word refers to…
a. Raja
b. Rengnge
c. Society
d. Toraja people
e. Mountain regions

3. What are the ordinary people commonly called?
a. Tongkonan
b. Makaka
c. Celebes
d. Rengnge
e. Kaunan

4. Which of the following does not symbolize a buffalo?
a. Status
b. Courage
c. Strength
d. Cowardice
e. Fighting Spirit
Muhammad Ahkam Arifin
Muhammad Ahkam Arifin Muhammad Ahkam Arifin is a Fulbright PhD student at Washington State University, US. He earned a master`s degree in TESOL from the University of Edinburgh & Applied Linguistics from the University of Melbourne.

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