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Contoh Teks discussion dan pembahasan jawaban: Hacking

Contoh discussion text berikut diambil dari soal UN SMA tahun 2013.

Discussion text: Hacking
Discussion text: Hacking

Hacking: Pro and Contra?

Do you know what a hacker is? A hacker is a person who enjoys exploring the details of a programmable system on computers and he or she likes to stretch the capability of the system. The activities they do on the computers are called ‘hacking’.

So, what’s the problem with ‘hacking and its hackers’? The problem is whether ‘hacking and its hackers’ is legal or illegal. What I mean is that people in the world have many different views about hacking and hackers. Some of them take sides, but many object.

To get back to what I was saying previously, let us see the positive points of a hacker, shall we? Although in most places breaking into computer systems is considered illegal, I believe that hackers don’t do anything illegal because they only want to know and try the system. I dare to say that a hacker likes finding the strengths and the weaknesses of a computer system. They feel proud if they can find the weaknesses. So I don’t really see the crimes in this case. In addition, these hackers sometimes help the police catch the ‘white-collar criminals` such as bank robbers, many launderers, credit card forgery. For example, in 2000, the U.S. hackers caught some Singaporean hackers who made ‘Virus Love’ to break up the programs of the U.S National Security system.

Nevertheless, those who object to the good points of a hacker say that hacking is a crime. The reason is that some hackers use their brilliant skills to break into banks and other vital institutions where they can get money and destroy information, and the worst thing is they can get secret information and sell it to another country. This is treachery.

1. Which of the following activities done by hackers is considered illegal?
A. Finding the strengths and weaknesses of a computer system.
B. Helping the police catch the white-collar criminals.
C. Feeling proud of finding the system weaknesses.
D. Breaking into vital institutions' network system.
E. Helping to improve the safety system of computers.

2. The main idea of the fourth paragraph is ....
A. hackers are criminals.
B. hackers are responsible for their duties.
C. hackers get money from vital institutions.
D. hackers have brilliant skills for the goodness.
E. hackers use brilliant skills to help other people 

3. We can infer from the text that hackers .... 
A. are not loyal to their country
B. do something without any crime 
C. always help the police to fight against criminals 
D. are responsible for the damage to your computer 
E. can turn to be criminals due to the money

Pembahasan kunci jawaban

1. D. Breaking into vital institutions' network system.
Pembahasan jawaban nomor 1 ini ada di paragraf akhir: Nevertheless, those who object to the good points of a hacker say that hacking is a crime. The reason is that some hackers use their brilliant skills to break into banks and other vital institutions where they can get money and destroy information

2. A. hackers are criminals.
Paragraf ke 4 (terakhir) khusus membahas argumen/alasan pandangan yang menganggap bahwa hacker itu criminal.

3. E. can turn to be criminals due to the money
Di paragraf 3 dibahas tentang pandangan bahwa hacker bisa menjadi hal positif, namun di paragraf ke 4 dibahas bagaimana hacker -secara ilegal- bisa mengambil uang dari bank dan institusi lainnya.


Keyword: teks dicussion, pembahasan kunci jawaban, discussion text.

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